RAILROAD MORSE CODE

The railroad morse code has twelve letters that are different than those used in the Continental Morse Code. The twelve letters are: c, f, j, l, o, p, q, r, x, v and z.

In the following code the characters below will indicate dots, dashes, and spaces as indicated:

dash
. dot
x A space in the combination that forms the letter.

LETTER CODE
A .-
B -...
C ..x.
D -..
E .
F .-.
G --.
H ....
I ..
J -.-.
K -.-
L   
M --
N -.
O .x.
P .......
Q ..-.
R .x..
S ...
T -
U ..-
V ...-
W .--
X .-..
Y ..x..
Z ...x.
1 .--.
2 ..-..
3 ...-.
4 ......-
5 ---
6 ......
7 --..
8 -....
9 -..-
Period ..--..
Comma .-.-
Question -..-.
& .x...
Exclamation ---.
Apostrophe ..-.x.-..
Dash -..x.-..
Capital ..x.x.-..
Colon -.-x.x.
Paragraph ----
Begin " .....x..
End " .....x..x..
Zero is same as letter "O". Sometimes a short dash is used for a big "O".

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN RAILROAD TELEGRAPHY

C&E for conductor and enginmen
No Number
OK As provided in the rules
Eng Engine
Min Minutes
Sec Section
Junc Junction
Opr Operator
Frt Freight
9 To clear the line for train orders, and
for operators to ask for train orders
19 or 31 For train orders as provided in the rules
The usual abbreviations used for the names of months or stations may be used.


LOCOMOTIVE WHISTLE SIGNALS

"-" indicates long sound
"o" indicates short sound
A o Apply brakes. Stop
B - - Train ready to proceed. Must also be given
after stopping at a railroad crossing
not protected by interlocking.
C -ooo Flagman protect rear of train
C-C ooo- Flagman protect front of train
D - - - - Flagman return from west
E ----- Flagman return from east
F --- Train Parted
G o o Answer to K or any other signal not
otherwise provided for
H ooo When standing, back. Answer to hand or
communicating signal to back
J oooo Call for signals
K -oo (Single track) To call attention of engine
crews and train crews of trains of the same class,
inferior trains and yard engines to signals
displayed for a following section.
(double track) To call attention of trains
in the same direction only.
L --o- Approaching public crossings at grade,
tunnels, and obscure curves
M        One mile before reaching stations, junctions,
draw bridges, railroad crossings at grade and mail cranes
N --o Approching waiting or meeting points
O o- Inspect brake pipe for leaks or for brakes sticking
P oooooooo Alarm for persons or live stock on track
R oo- Engineer of second engine take control of air brakes
S oo oo Engineer of second engine assist in recharging of brake pipe
(to be continued with communicating whistle signals)

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